How to Install Apache2 on Ubuntu Server

How to Install Apache2 on Ubuntu Server Manoj Damor

Introduction: Apache2 is a widely used and highly popular open-source web server software. It powers a significant portion of the internet and provides a robust platform for hosting websites and applications. In this blog, we will guide you through the step-by-step process of installing Apache2 on an Ubuntu Server, enabling you to set up a web server and start hosting your own websites or applications.

Table of Contents:

  1. Prerequisites for Installing Apache2
  2. Updating the System
  3. Installing Apache2
  4. Verifying Apache2 Installation
  5. Configuring Firewall for Apache2
  6. Testing Apache2 Web Server
  7. Conclusion

1. Prerequisites for Installing Apache2

Before proceeding with the installation of Apache2 on your Ubuntu Server, ensure you have the following prerequisites in place:

  • A running Ubuntu Server instance or a Virtual Private Server (VPS) with a non-root user account and sudo privileges.
  • A stable internet connection to download and install the necessary packages.
  • Basic knowledge of working with the command line interface.

2. Updating the System

It is always recommended to update your system’s package repository and installed packages before installing any new software. Open a terminal and run the following commands to update the system:

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade

Enter your user password when prompted and wait for the updates to complete.

3. Installing Apache2

Once your system is up to date, you can proceed with the installation of Apache2. Run the following command in the terminal:

sudo apt install apache2

This command will install Apache2 and its required dependencies. During the installation process, you may be prompted to confirm the installation by typing ‘Y’ and pressing Enter. Apache2 will be downloaded and installed on your Ubuntu Server.

4. Verifying Apache2 Installation

After the installation is complete, you can check if Apache2 is running by entering the following command:

sudo systemctl status apache2

If Apache2 is running, you should see an output indicating its status as “active” or “running.” Additionally, the output will display the Apache2 service’s process ID (PID), memory usage, and other details.

5. Configuring Firewall for Apache2

By default, Ubuntu Server uses the UFW (Uncomplicated Firewall) to manage firewall rules. To allow incoming HTTP and HTTPS traffic to your Apache2 web server, you need to enable the respective firewall rules. Run the following commands to configure the firewall:

bsudo ufw allow 'Apache'
sudo ufw enable

The first command allows incoming HTTP and HTTPS traffic, while the second command enables the firewall and applies the new rules.

6. Testing Apache2 Web Server

To verify that Apache2 is working correctly, you can open a web browser and enter your server’s IP address or domain name. If Apache2 is installed and configured correctly, you will see the default Apache2 landing page, confirming that your web server is up and running.

7. Conclusion

Congratulations! You have successfully installed Apache2 on your Ubuntu Server. Apache2 provides a powerful and reliable web server platform for hosting websites and applications. By following the steps outlined in this blog, you can quickly set up an Apache2 web server and start serving content on the internet. Remember to configure additional security measures and fine-tune Apache2’s settings based on your specific requirements. With Apache2, you have the foundation for building a robust web presence on your Ubuntu Server.

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How to Install Apache2 on Ubuntu Server || Manoj Damor

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